Arthritis literally means "inflammation of a joint." In some forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, the inflammation arises because the smooth
covering (articular cartilage) on the ends of bones become damaged or worn. Osteoarthritis is usually found in one, usually weightbearing, joint.
Throwing Injuries in the Elbow
With the start of the baseball season each spring, doctors frequently see an increase in elbow problems in young baseball players. A common elbow problem
in these children is medial apophysitis, commonly referred to by doctors as "Little Leaguer's elbow."
Mallet Finger (Baseball Finger)
mallet finger is a deformity of a finger caused when a certain tendon (the extensor tendon) is damaged. When a ball or other object strikes the tip of the
finger or thumb, the force damages the thin tendon that straightens the finger. The force of the blow may even pull away a piece of bone along with the
tendon. The finger or thumb is not able to be straightened. This condition is also known as baseball finger.
Burners and Stingers
Burners and stingers are common injuries in contact or collision sports. A burner or a stinger is an injury to the nerve supply of the upper arm, either
at the neck or shoulder. The injury is named for the stinging or burning pain that spreads from the shoulder to the hand. This can feel like an electric
shock or lightening bolt down the arm.
Sprains, Strains, and Other Soft-Tissue Injuries
When you participate in sports and physical fitness activities, you can injure the soft tissues of your body. Even simple everyday activities can damage
these ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Some of the soft-tissue injuries you are most likely to experience include:
Impingement is one of the most common causes of pain in the adult shoulder. It results from pressure on the rotator cuff from part of the shoulder blade
(scapula) as the arm is lifted.
Arthroscopy is a common surgical procedure in which a joint
(arthro-) is viewed (-scopy) using a small camera. Arthroscopy gives doctors a clear view of the inside of the knee. This helps them diagnose and treat knee
Bursitis is caused by inflammation of a bursa, a small jelly-like sac that usually contains a small amount of fluid. Bursae are located throughout the
body, most importantly around the shoulder, elbow, hip, knee, and heel. They act as cushions between bones and the overlying soft tissues, and help reduce
friction between the gliding muscles and the bone.
A hip dislocation occurs when the head of the thighbone (femur) slips out of its socket in the hip bone (pelvis). In approximately 90% of patients, the
thighbone is pushed out of its socket in a backwards direction (posterior dislocation). This leaves the hip in a fixed position, bent and twisted in toward
the middle of the body.
The large bones that make up the hip joint also serve as anchors for several muscles. Some of these muscles move down the thigh to the knee.Other muscles
move across the abdomen or the buttocks.
Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)
Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is a painful condition of the elbow caused by overuse. Not surprisingly, playing tennis or other racquet sports
can cause this condition. But several other sports and activities can also put you at risk.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries
One of the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament sprain or tear.
Athletes who participate in high demand sports like soccer, football, and basketball are more likely to injure their anterior cruciate ligaments.
Your knee is the largest joint in your body and one of the most complex. Because you use it so much, it is vulnerable to injury. Because it is made up of
so many parts, many different things can go wrong.
Muscle Strains in the Thigh
A muscle strain (muscle pull or tear) is a common injury, particularly among people who participate in sports.
The thigh has three sets of strong muscles: the hamstring muscles in the back of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles in the front, and the adductor muscles on
Sprains and Strains: What's the Difference?
Sprains and strains are among the most common injuries in sports. Here are some facts about sprains and strains from the American Academy of Orthopaedic
One of the most common injuries in sports is a stress fracture. Overcoming an injury like a stress fracture can be difficult, but it can be done.
What is a stress fracture?
A stress fracture is an overuse injury. It occurs when muscles become fatigued and are unable